The signs and symptoms of diabetes
8 Indicators that your blood sugar levels are not controlled-
Aminu Mohammed is a pediatric gastroenterologist at GI Care for Kids, where he leads the efforts on pancreatic disorders.
Diabetes is a group of diseases where blood sugar (glucose) levels are not well regulated. An inadequate supply of insulin, the hormone that allows glucose to enter the body's cells, or the body's resistance to that hormone, causes the disorder. And problems develop either because glucose is unable to enter the cells and do its work as an energy source or because the high glucose levels damage the body's tissues.
How does diabetes show up?
The signs and symptoms are typically the result of high blood sugar levels:
- Increased thirst and increased urine output
- Excessive hunger
- Weight loss
- Tiredness and fatigue
- Nausea and vomiting
- Poor wound healing
- Blurry vision
- Repeated infections
The problem of course is that some of these symptoms can occur with many other illnesses. So it's important to obtain appropriate testing. That will include testing the urine for sugar and ketones they are a byproduct of muscle and fat breakdown when there's not enough insulin) and the blood for glucose and sometimes for other markers of diabetes.
Symptoms of Malabsorption
EPI, also known as exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, can occur in 1/3 to 1/2 of those with diabetes. Some will not have symptoms while others may have:
- Smelly, greasy bowel movements
- Vitamin deficiencies and signs of malnutrition
People with diabetes may not experience all of these symptoms. If you notice any of these symptoms, it is important to discuss them with your primary health care provider.
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